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Array Fertility

The role of vitamins in women's fertility

Written by The Plusbaby Team

The role of vitamins in male fertility is crucial, because nutrition is not just about general health; it also has a significant influence on male fertility. Specific vitamins, including vitamin B9 (folic acid), vitamin B12 and vitamin D, can greatly improve chances of conception and reproductive health. This article explores how these vitamins impact male fertility, detailing their respective functions and benefits.

Vitamin b9: a key element for women's fertility

The role of vitamin b9 in reproduction

Vitamin B9, often called folic acid, is essential for women's fertility. This vitamin plays a key role in cell development and DNA formation, which is fundamental to embryonic growth.

Benefits of folic acid before conception

Women of childbearing age should consume around 400 micrograms of folic acid a day. Folic acid deficiency can lead to birth defects and compromise fertility. Taking supplements or eating foods rich in folic acid, such as green leafy vegetables, can increase the chances of conception.

Foods rich in vitamin b9

  • Spinach
  • Broccoli
  • Asparagus
  • Lawyers
  • Black beans
  • The role of vitamin b12 in maternity

Functions of vitamin b12

Vitamin B12 is necessary for the production of red blood cells and the maintenance of the central nervous system. Its influence on female fertility should not be overlooked, as it also contributes to cell metabolism.

Effects on fertility

Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to ovulation disorders, reducing the chances of conception. Vegan and vegetarian women are particularly at risk of deficiency and should consider supplements or fortified foods

Dietary sources of vitamin b12

  • Red meat
  • Fish
  • Eggs
  • Dairy products
  • Enriched cereals

Vitamin d: an ally during pregnanc

Importance of vitamin d for reproductive health

Visit vitamin D promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus, two minerals necessary for bone and muscle health. It also influences the menstrual cycle and embryo implantation, making vitamin D supplements beneficial for women trying to conceive.

Impact on fertility

Insufficient levels of vitamin D can disrupt the ovarian cycle and interfere with embryo implantation. Regular exposure to sunlight and consumption of vitamin D-rich foods such as fatty fish and fortified dairy products can help maintain good levels of this vitamin

How to get enough vitamin d

  • Exposure to the sun for 15-30 minutes every day
  • Eat foods such as salmon, tuna and fortified dairy product
  • Take supplements if necessary, especially during the winter months

Iron: An essential mineral for women's fertility and pregnancy

The importance of iron for reproductive health

Iron is essential for the production of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Iron deficiency can lead to anemia, which can affect reproductive health by affecting the menstrual cycle and reducing the energy needed for a healthy pregnancy

Impact on fertility

Insufficient iron levels can cause menstrual irregularities and less frequent ovulation, reducing the chances of conception. Eating iron-rich foods, such as red meats, legumes and green leafy vegetables, can help maintain adequate levels of this essential mineral.

How to get enough iron

  • Eat iron-rich foods such as spinach, lentils and red meats
  • Take iron supplements if necessary, especially in the case of heavy periods.
  • Combine iron-rich foods with sources of vitamin C to improve absorption

Selenium: an ally for male and female fertility

Importance of selenium for reproductive health

Selenium is an essential trace element that plays a crucial role in protection against oxidative stress and in the proper functioning of the immune system. It is also involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, essential for optimal fertility.

Impact on fertility

Selenium deficiency can affect egg and sperm quality, reducing the chances of conception. In addition, selenium helps protect DNA and prevent chromosomal abnormalities, increasing the chances of a healthy pregnancy.

How to get enough selenium

  • Eat selenium-rich foods such as Brazil nuts, fish and seafood
  • Take selenium supplements if necessary, especially for people with a diet low in seafood
  • Maintain a varied diet to ensure adequate selenium intake

Magnesium: support during pregnancy

The importance of magnesium for reproductive health

Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a key role in over 300 biochemical reactions in the body, including hormone regulation and cellular energy production. It is crucial for DNA and RNA synthesis, as well as tissue repair, making it vital for female fertility.

Impact on fertility

Magnesium deficiency can disrupt hormonal balance, affecting menstrual cycles and egg quality. In addition, magnesium helps reduce premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms and regulate menstrual cycles, thus increasing the chances of conception

How to get enough magnesiu

  • Eat magnesium-rich foods such as green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds, wholegrain cereals and oily fish.
  • Take magnesium supplements if necessary, especially for people with diagnosed deficiencies or an inadequate diet
  • Maintain a varied diet to ensure adequate magnesium intake

Zinc: a booster for women's fertility

Importance of zinc for reproductive health

Zinc is an essential trace element involved in cell division, protein synthesis and immune function. It plays a crucial role in egg maturation and the regulation of reproductive hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which is fundamental to optimal fertility.

Impact on women's fertility

Zinc deficiency can lead to irregular menstrual cycles and poor egg quality, reducing the chances of conception. What's more, zinc is important for sperm health, making it a key element in couples' fertility.

How to get enough zinc

  • Eat zinc-rich foods, such as meats, seafood (especially oysters), legumes, seeds and nuts
  • Take zinc supplements if necessary, especially for people with a zinc-poor diet or diagnosed deficiencies
  • Maintain a balanced, varied diet to ensure adequate zinc intake

Arginine: support for women's fertility

The importance of arginine for reproductive health

Arginine is an essential amino acid that plays a key role in blood circulation by producing nitric oxide, a compound that helps relax blood vessels and improve blood flow. It is also involved in protein synthesis, which is crucial for cell repair and growth.

Impact on women's fertility

Arginine can improve blood flow to the reproductive organs, thereby enhancing the quality of the eggs and endometrium, which may favour embryo implantation. It can also improve ovarian function and response to ovarian stimulation in women undergoing fertility treatment.

How to get enough arginine

  • Eat arginine-rich foods, such as red meats, poultry, fish, nuts and seeds
  • Take arginine supplements if recommended by a healthcare professional, especially for women with circulation problems or difficulty conceiving.
  • Combine a balanced and varied diet to maximize the benefits of this amino acid

Coenzyme Q10: a fertility booster for women and men

Importance of Coenzyme Q10 for reproductive health

The Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a powerful antioxidant that plays a crucial role in energy production at cellular level. It helps protect cells against oxidative stress, which is particularly important for reproductive cells that are highly susceptible to oxidative damage.

Impact on fertility

CoQ10 can improve egg and sperm quality, increasing the chances of conception. It is particularly beneficial for women over 35, as CoQ10 levels decline with age, which can affect oocyte quality. By improving mitochondrial function, CoQ10 contributes to better cellular energy, essential for optimal fertility.

How to get enough Coenzyme Q10

  • Eat foods rich in CoQ10, such as oily fish, organ meats (like liver) and wholegrain cereals
  • Take CoQ10 supplements if necessary, especially for women over 35 or those with fertility problems
  • Combine a healthy, varied diet to support CoQ10 intake and maximize its beneficial effects

Vitamin C: a support for fertility

The importance of vitamin C for reproductive health

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect cells against oxidative damage. It is essential for the proper functioning of the immune system and plays a role in the synthesis of collagen, important for the health of tissues, including those of the reproductive system.

Impact on fertility

Vitamin C can improve egg quality by reducing oxidative damage and supporting reproductive cell health. It is also known to improve the absorption of iron, a mineral crucial to fertility.

How to get enough vitamin C

  • Eat citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons and grapefruit
  • Include vegetables such as peppers, broccoli and spinach in your diet
  • Take vitamin C supplements if necessary, especially if your diet is insufficient in fruits and vegetables.

Vitamin E: an essential antioxidant for fertility

The importance of vitamin E for reproductive health

Vitamin E is another important antioxidant, protecting cells against oxidative damage. It plays a role in the health of the skin and mucous membranes, including those of the reproductive system.

Impact on fertility

Vitamin E improves egg and sperm quality by protecting them from free radicals. It can also improve blood circulation, which is beneficial to reproductive health.

How to get enough vitamin E

  • Eat foods rich in vitamin E, such as nuts, seeds and vegetable oils (sunflower oil, olive oil)
  • Incorporate leafy green vegetables such as spinach and broccoli into your die
  • Take vitamin E supplements if necessary, in consultation with a healthcare professional

Omega-3: essential fatty acids for fertility

The importance of omega-3 for reproductive health

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for cellular health and the proper functioning of the nervous system. They play a crucial role in reducing inflammation and maintaining hormonal balance.

Impact on fertility

Omega-3s can improve egg quality and support embryonic implantation. They are also beneficial for the health of the developing foetus, particularly for brain and eye development.

How to get enough omega-3

  • Eat oily fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines
  • Include plant sources such as flax seeds, chia seeds and walnuts
  • Take fish oil or flaxseed oil supplements if necessary, especially if your diet is low in omega-3s.

Conclusion: The importance of vitamins and nutrients for female fertility

Visit female fertility is a complex process influenced by many factors, including nutrition. Vitamins and nutrients such as vitamin D, iron, selenium, arginine, Coenzyme Q10, vitamin B9 (folic acid), vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin E and omega-3 play essential roles in reproductive health

Vitamin D helps regulate the menstrual cycle and promotes embryo implantation. Iron is crucial for hemoglobin production and the prevention of anemia, ensuring a regular menstrual cycle and healthy ovulation. Selenium protects cells against oxidative stress and supports the synthesis of thyroid hormones, essential for fertility. Arginine improves blood circulation to the reproductive organs, enhancing egg quality and embryo implantation. Finally, Coenzyme Q10 acts as a powerful antioxidant, protecting reproductive cells and improving their quality, particularly in women over 35.

Vitamin B9, also known as folic acid, is another essential vitamin for female fertility. It plays a crucial role in DNA formation and cell division, which is particularly important in early pregnancy for fetal development. Adequate folic acid intake before and during pregnancy can reduce the risk of neural tube birth defects in the baby

Vitamin B12 is essential for nerve health and red blood cell production. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to menstrual irregularities and ovulation problems, affecting fertility. It is also involved in DNA synthesis, which is crucial for embryonic development.

Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that helps protect cells against oxidative damage and supports a healthy immune system. It also improves iron absorption, which is beneficial for fertility. Vitamin E, another important antioxidant, protects reproductive cells and improves egg and sperm quality

Omega-3s are essential fatty acids that play a crucial role in reducing inflammation and maintaining hormonal balance. They can improve egg quality and support embryonic implantation, as well as benefiting fetal development, including the brain and eyes.

By integrating these vitamins and nutrients through a balanced diet, adequate sun exposure and supplements where necessary, women can optimize their reproductive health and increase their chances of conceiving. Foods rich in these vitamins include fatty fish, meats, fortified dairy products, green leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds, legumes and whole grains. A well-balanced, personalized nutritional approach is therefore essential to support fertility and promote a healthy pregnancy.

 

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