If you're considering having a spermogram, it's important to understand what it involves and how it can help you. A spermogram is a laboratory test that assesses the health and viability of sperm. It is a crucial element in the assessment of male fertility.
What is a spermogram?
A spermogram, also known as a semen analysis, is a laboratory test that assesses the health and quality of sperm. It is often used to determine whether a man might have fertility problems. Here are the key parameters measured during a spermogram:
1. Ejaculate Volume:
Measures the amount of semen ejaculated. A normal volume is usually between 1.5 and 5 millilitres. Too little or too much volume may indicate fertility problems.
2. Sperm concentration :
Assesses the number of sperm present in each millilitre of semen. Normal values are at least 15 million sperm per millilitre.
3. Sperm Mobility:
Analyses the percentage of moving sperm and their ability to move linearly and quickly. A high percentage of mobile spermatozoa is generally associated with better fertility.
4. Sperm Morphology:
Examines the shape and structure of sperm. Sperm with an abnormal shape (head, middle piece or tail) may have difficulty fertilising an egg.
5. Sperm vitality :
Determines the percentage of live sperm in the sample. Low vitality can affect fertilisation capacity.
The pH of semen can affect sperm motility. A normal pH ranges from 7.2 to 8.0.
Measures the fluidity of the semen. Semen that is too thick can hinder sperm mobility.
8. Presence of Leucocytes :
Leukocytes (white blood cells) in the semen may indicate infection or inflammation.
9. Fructose :
Fructose in semen provides energy for sperm. Low fructose levels may be a sign of seminal vesicle dysfunction.
It is important to note that the results of a spermogram may vary from one day to the next. What's more, an abnormal result does not necessarily mean irreversible infertility. Factors such as stress, illness and certain lifestyles can temporarily affect sperm quality. A doctor specialising in fertility or urology can provide further information and advice based on the specific results of a spermogram.
Why have a Spermogram?
If you're having trouble conceiving, your doctor may recommend a spermogram.. This examination helps detect any abnormalities in the sperm that could affect your ability to procreate.
How do I prepare for a spermogram?
To obtain accurate results, it is advisable to refrain from ejaculating for 2 to 5 days before having a spermogram. You should also avoid alcohol, tobacco and certain medicines that can affect sperm quality.
How does it work?
Carrying out a spermogram is simple. You will need to provide a sperm sample by masturbation in a private environment, usually in a clinic or laboratory. The sample is then analysed under a microscope.
Understanding the results?
The spermogram results are usually ready within a few days. They will give you information about the quality of your sperm and highlight any abnormalities. If problems are detected, treatments or alternative solutions, such as IVF (in vitro fertilisation), may be considered.
Importance of the Spermogram in Infertility Diagnosis
The spermogram plays a crucial role in the diagnosis of male infertility. It helps to identify specific problems that could be the cause of conception difficulties and guides doctors in choosing the appropriate treatment.
The spermogram is an essential tool for assessing male fertility. If you are considering this test, it is important to follow the preparation instructions to ensure accurate results. In the event of abnormal results, don't hesitate to discuss your options with your doctor. for you and your partner.